Definition and Overview
The concept of wellness care has evolved greatly over the years. In the past, the term was used to refer to the act of seeking and receiving continuous health care as a preventative measure, even in the absence of health problems. Thus, undergoing routine physical examinations is considered as part of seeking wellness.
Nowadays, the term “wellness” is defined by the World Health Organization as “a state of complete well-being” as opposed to being simply free from diseases. A person who does not have any illness may be physically healthy but may be suffering from emotional, psychological, or social issues, in which cases wellness care may be required.
Wellness care specifically refers to the steps taken in order for a person to achieve optimum well-being. These may include actions taken to prevent diseases or illnesses that the patient may be susceptible to, such as hereditary diseases. However, they are not meant used primarily for the treatment of an existing disease.
Who Should Undergo And Expected Results
People who wish to seek a general improvement in various aspects of their lives, such as physical, emotional, mental, and social, will benefit from a complete wellness care program. However, it tends to be more useful for people whose basic health care needs are readily met or those in progressive communities.
During the process, the patient will have to follow a complete wellness program with specific action plans and a well-defined goal. The expected end result is the person being healthy in all eight dimensions of wellness, namely:
How the Procedure Works
A wellness plan aims to achieve a general improvement in a person's life by identifying problem areas and designing action plans that will help address said problems. The plan may include:
- A diet program or nutritional meal plan
- Supplementation of vitamins and minerals
- Lifestyle changes
- Natural therapies
- Career changes or adjustments (work-life balance)
- Spiritual awareness
Each wellness program is tailor fit to every person's unique needs and wellness goals. Specific goals may also be added, such as weight control and stress management, depending on the problems the patient is facing. Such wellness programs are now widely available.
Possible Risks and Complications
Wellness care programs are not guaranteed to work without the active cooperation of the patient. In order to achieve laid-out goals, programs should be strictly followed and this may require some lifestyle changes to be made. Seeking wellness care is a conscious, active, and self-directed goal, and unless the person is determined to see the process through, wellness care programs will not work.
Another problem people face with wellness care programs is that such plans are rarely covered by health insurance policies. This is because these programs are considered as electives since they are not directly involved with disease management and treatment.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- World Health Organization