Definition & Overview

Sports medicine consultation is recommended for people with sports-related injuries. These include both professional and amateur athletes as well as individuals with an active lifestyle. Due to their levels of activities, these people are prone to sustaining injuries that can range from mild concussions and broken bones to sprains and muscle pains, to name a few. These conditions can affect movement and range of motion either temporarily or permanently. The goal of sports medicine is to maintain or regain peak physical fitness so patients can continue living an active lifestyle.

Who Should Undergo & Expected Results

Sports medicine consultation can benefit all individuals engage in any sports (both professionals or amateurs) with injuries or have conditions that keep them from achieving optimal performance such as strains and sprains, back and neck pain, arthritis, and joint pains, to name a few.

The consultation is also recommended for individuals who require the following services:

  • Sports massage therapy
  • Performance coaching
  • Nutritional therapy
  • Chiropractic care
  • Orthopaedic care
  • Dietary advice
  • Sports podiatry
  • Physiotherapy
  • Pre-event health assessment
  • Rehabilitation services
  • Orthotics and insoles

How Does the Procedure Work?

What takes place during a sports medicine consultation will depend on the patient’s concern. For instance, if the patient was injured and experiences recurring pain in a certain part of the body, then the consultation will be focused on diagnosing and treating the injury. However, most consultations have a few basic procedures regardless of concern.

Upon arrival at a sports medicine clinic, the patient will be asked about his concern. This is typically followed by a general physical examination, which would include recording the vital statistics, such as blood pressure, weight, and heart rate, among others.

Following the gathering of basic information, the patient will undergo a short interview with the doctor. Details that will be discussed include the symptoms, when they first appeared, previous treatment methods used, (if there are any), and what caused the injury. The doctor will also check the patient’s joints, flexibility, strength, and posture.

Depending on the findings, the doctor may require imaging tests, such as an x-ray, MRI, or CT-scan to provide an accurate diagnosis. The results of the tests will then be discussed and the doctor will present all available treatment options, which may include:

  • Pain relievers
  • Physical therapy
  • Chiropractic care
  • Surgery
  • PRP Injections
  • Physiological training
  • Shockwave therapy
  • Personal training programs
  • Occupational therapy
  • Trigger point injections
  • Viscosupplementation
    Depending on the preference of the patient, he can either undergo the proposed treatment right away or ask for a second opinion especially if the doctor is suggesting invasive surgical procedures.

Possible Risks & Complications

Sports medicine consultations are 100% safe. However, there are risks and complications involved if tests are performed to make a diagnosis.


  • Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW. Sports participation evaluation. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW. Seidel's Guide to Physical Examination. 8th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby; 2015:chap 23.
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