Tubal or ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy that occurs outside of the inner lining of the uterus. In a normal pregnancy, the fertilised egg is implanted into the uterus and attached to its lining where it grows for the next nine months. However, in up to 1 of every 50 pregnancies, the fertilised egg stays in one of the ovaries, fallopian tube, the cornua of the uterus, or even the cervix. An ectopic pregnancy is considered a serious medical condition and in the majority of cases, the foetus does not survive. Its symptoms include light vaginal bleeding, lower abdominal pain, pain on one side of the body, and sharp abdominal cramps.
Patients with tubal pregnancy require immediate medical attention especially if there is a reason to suspect that the fallopian tube has ruptured. It is important for these patients to have access to a fully equipped medical facility with the most advanced diagnostic and surgical technology and staffed by highly experienced gynaecological surgeons who can effectively and adequately address the condition while minimising risks and possible complications.
Patients who are suspected of having ectopic pregnancy are given immediate medical attention at hospitals in Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia. Several advanced diagnostic tools are used to ascertain the condition and its severity. These include ultrasound, blood tests, and imaging studies. If ectopic pregnancy is detected early on, the condition can be managed with the use of certain drugs designed to dissolve existing cells. In other cases, the removal of ectopic tissues and the repair of fallopian tubes are performed through surgery. In Southeast Asia, where many surgeons are internationally trained in minimally invasive procedures and have access to the most advanced surgical equipment, the procedure can be performed using small incisions in the abdomen where a laparoscope is inserted. This results in minimal blood loss and reduced postsurgical pain. It also speeds up the recovery process.