Malignant neoplastic disease refers to cancerous growths or tumours that can grow in any part of the body. The formation of these tumours begins in the cells, the body’s building blocks. The body constantly produces new cells to replace old or dead ones. However, for some reasons that the medical community is still trying to establish, something goes wrong in the process, and the cells that are supposed to die do not die and new cells grow even when the body does not need them. These extra cells form a tumour, which can be malignant (cancerous) or benign (non-cancerous). Malignant tumours can invade surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
Patients with malignant neoplastic disease require comprehensive care for the diagnosis and treatment of their condition. Depending on the cancer's location and whether or not it has already spread to other surrounding tissues, patients may require surgical intervention, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, and immunotherapy, among others. Those whose condition is already in an advanced stage also typically require palliative and supportive care for the management of their symptoms and complications of their condition.
All these treatment methods are widely available in Southeast Asia, particularly in Singapore and Thailand where cancer care is one of the medical specialties. Singapore is a first-world country with one of the world’s best healthcare systems. Its hospitals have the same advanced technology and medical facilities found in hospitals in Western countries. It is also home to internationally trained oncologists who work together with multidisciplinary teams of medical professionals to provide top-notch medical care to patients. Thailand, on the other hand, also offers world-class oncology care with its share of Joint Commission International (JCI)-accredited hospitals that serve both local and international patients. Malaysia, another Southeast Asian country, is also one of the trusted medical tourism destinations for cancer patients mainly because of the government’s massive investment in the country’s healthcare system.