Oesophagal varices are one of the many potential complications of liver cirrhosis. Liver cirrhosis, characterised by severe liver scarring, is a serious liver disease that may develop when the liver sustains heavy damage possibly due to hepatitis infection, alcoholic liver disease, or fatty liver disease. The scarring or damage caused by cirrhosis can restrict normal blood flow to the liver. This causes portal hypertension, in which blood flows through smaller veins to avoid the blocked blood vessels. This increases the risk of ruptured blood vessels, which can cause serious life-threatening bleeding.
Patients who suffer from oesophagal varices due to underlying liver cirrhosis require a series of treatments to address both medical problems. While advanced and highly effective treatment for both conditions is widely available in developed countries like the US and Canada, the cost of getting medical care in the West is extremely expensive. However, the good news for medical travellers is that the same medical technologies and treatments are now available in Southeast Asia at up to 75% less compared to Western countries.
Southeast Asia’s well-developed medical infrastructure, which is apparent in its world-class hospitals and a large number of skilled and experienced specialists, gives patients access to high-quality medical care. Patients with oesophagal varices who opt to travel to the region can undergo endoscopic therapy or orthotopic liver transplantation depending on the severity of their condition.
Such procedures and advanced medical technologies can be taken advantage of in Singapore, Thailand, or Malaysia. These Southeast Asian countries are home to numerous hospitals that bear the prestigious Joint Commission International (JCI) Gold Seal of Approval. This recognition is awarded to hospitals that meet or even exceed existing international standards and stay up-to-date with the latest medical technologies.