Carotid artery occlusion, also called carotid occlusive disease or carotid stenosis, is the narrowing or blockage of the carotid arteries in the neck usually due to plaque buildup. If a piece of these fatty deposits breaks off and travel to one of the arteries, it can restrict or completely block blood flow to the brain leading to a transient ischemic attack or stroke.
The treatment of carotid artery occlusion depends on several factors including the extent of the narrowing, the location of the occlusion, and the patient’s overall health condition. In some cases, the condition is managed with medications that reduce cholesterol levels; in others, surgical intervention is recommended.
Patients whose carotid arteries have at least 60% blockage require the skills of highly qualified endovascular surgeons who are trained to perform carotid endarterectomy (an open surgery that removes plaques that clog the affected artery) and carotid angioplasty and stenting, a minimally invasive procedure in which a narrowed artery is widened using a thin tube with a small balloon at the tip.
Some of the world’s most qualified endovascular surgeons are practicing in Singapore, Thailand, and Malaysia, Southeast Asia’s globally recognised medical tourism hubs. Patients from other countries who consider medical tourism can easily find these specialists at many premiere hospitals in the region that are accredited by the Joint Commission International (JCI) and International Standards Organisation (ISO). These hospitals offer patients the winning combination of advanced skills, world-class medical facilities, and cutting-edge technologies for a fraction of their cost in Western countries such as the United States or United Kingdom.
Also, medical tourists in Southeast Asia do not have to wait months or even weeks for any of the procedure they might require because they are placed on hospital’s priority list. This is crucial as immediate medical attention can significantly improve their prognosis.