A lymphocele is an abnormal formation of lymphatic fluid within the body and outside the epithelial lining. It commonly occurs as a complication of complex surgical procedures performed on the pelvic area, but can also form spontaneously, although this rarely happens. Most lymphoceles do not cause visible symptoms, and only become symptomatic when they get large enough to compress on nearby organs or structures. At this point, they tend to cause lower abdominal pain, constipation, increased urinary frequency, abdominal fullness, and oedema. They can also cause serious complications, such as urinary tract infection, urinary blockage, and intestinal obstruction, among others.
Nowadays there are many advanced treatment options to remove lymphoceles from the body before they can cause severe and lasting damage. These include fine needle aspiration, which uses advanced ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) guidance. These techniques, however, require breakthrough medical equipment as well as a skilled practitioner, both of which are not readily available in many countries.
Thus, many patients seeking treatment for lymphoceles go to Southeast Asia, where several hospitals and specialist centres have earned certifications from international standards monitoring bodies, such as Joint Commission International (JCI) and International Standards Organisation (ISO). The majority of these hospitals are in Malaysia, Thailand, and Singapore; three countries in Southeast Asia that have earned upstanding reputations in the international medical tourism industry due to their cutting-edge equipment, highly skilled doctors, and breakthrough methods, all of which are comparable to those available in the United States and other Western countries.
Aside from gaining access to advanced and high-quality surgical care for lymphocele removal, international patients from developed countries can also enjoy significant cost savings when they have the procedure performed in these Southeast Asian countries where the cost is up to 75% lower than in Western hospitals.