The aorta is a large blood vessel that transports oxygenated blood to other parts of the body. When a part or segment of it is narrowed or constricted, it results in coarctation of the aorta. This condition could be congenital or related to heart disorders such as septal valve defect. In its severe or advanced stage, the patient experiences difficulty in breathing, heavy sweating, and pale skin. Infants afflicted with this condition are also difficult to feed while adult patients also experience high blood pressure, muscle weakness, nosebleeds, and chest pain.
A number of internationally trained and even US board-certified cardiologists are practicing in Southeast Asia to provide high-quality medical care to patients seeking an accurate diagnosis and effective treatment without the associated high cost. Those suspected of having coarctation of the aorta would need to undergo several tests to get an accurate diagnosis. Medical facilities in the region have state-of-the-art equipment to conduct the required procedures such as cardiac catheterisation to visualise the heart structures and determine the presence and severity of this condition.
Aside from medication, another treatment option available for medical tourists in Southeast Asia is balloon angioplasty, where a balloon is used to widen the aorta. This procedure is easily accessible at many hospitals in the region that are locally and internationally recognised for providing high-quality medical care and services. For advanced conditions, the patient can also undergo open-heart surgery procedures like subclavian flap aortoplasty or bypass graft repair in Southeast Asia. The region offers excellent surgical care carried out by surgeons who are highly trained in open-heart surgical procedures. Many of these surgeons have trained and even practiced abroad, bringing with them the best medical practices from the West and knowledge in advanced surgical methods that improve patient outcomes.