A thyroglossal duct cyst refers to a fluid-filled lump in the front part of the neck. It is typically benign and forms from leftover tissue following the full development of the thyroid gland when an embryo is forming. Although it is present at birth, the lump is typically found only when the child is about two years old and showing symptoms such as difficulty breathing or swallowing. Although it is uncommon for the tumour to become cancerous, doctors recommend its removal as it can potentially block the upper airway and cause recurring serious infection.
A thyroglossal duct cyst is usually managed by an ear, nose, and throat (ENT) doctor. Parents who wish to consult a highly qualified ENT with expertise and experience in the management of this condition have the option to travel to Southeast Asia where many ENT specialists with international qualifications can be found. Some of the world’s most qualified ENT specialists are practicing in Singapore, Southeast Asia’s only developed country. Its education system is on par with those in Western countries while its healthcare system is one of the best in the world. Singapore’s government invests heavily in its medical infrastructure and in improving the skills of its doctors providing scholarships to send them to some of the most prestigious medical schools in the West. These doctors then combine their expertise and experience with sophisticated medical technology and advanced medical facilities to deliver the best possible outcomes for their patients. In Singapore, doctors prescribe antibiotic therapy as initial treatment for a thyroglossal duct cyst as they would want to avoid subjecting the young patient to risks and complications associated with surgery. Other treatment options include draining the cyst and injecting a substance designed to dissolve the cyst. If these treatments fail, doctors recommend the surgical excision of the cyst. All procedures are performed using best practices that meet international standards to ensure not just the success of the treatment but also the safety of the child.